March of the Green Technology

Technology has been defined in several ways. The simplest is the knowledge of using tools and techniques to improve the working condition, organizational management and artistic perspective in order to enhance the efficiency of product, machine or human initiatives. The primitive man is known for intelligent utilization of stone to convert it into weapon and shelter houses. The usage of animal skin and bark of trees for covering body was a step towards fabric technology. The knowledge of technology to control the fire radically changed the status of man learning to add new items in his food menu and getting warmth in a cool climate. The wheel has brought us to the present state of global conveyance Flinging of leg bones into the space after a good and hefty meal inspired space odyssey. Information technology spear headed by internet has its origin in smoke signals and more recently to printing presses. Now we have industrial, educational, information, medical, visual, micro, nano, and domestic technology to name a few.

Technology is not singularly applied by human kind to give impetus to his objectives. The pets and birds have also excelled in carving out technical wonders comparable and occasionally better than us. The nest of the weaving birds, indicators from dolphins, breaking of coconut shells by monkeys, domestic technology of ants, technology of descent from an acute slope by elephants, migration of birds to areas akin to their need and requirements, waiting for surroundings to become sizzling before taking to a trip by kites and various other heavy size birds and dropping of stone pallets to raise the drinking water level in a narrow necked pitcher by crows are some to refresh the storage. Look towards the sky in the evening. You shall discover ducks flying in inverted V development, giving others the advantage of vacuum and stream range motion.

There is a difference in how the primates of yester years behaved, how animals and birds around us make use of the technology and how we are using it. The difference is excellent. Their efforts were and are always in improving their living condition compatible to the environment. Our initiatives are diversified in many ways. Some are good, some are bad and some are ugly. Lately, with the onset of commercial revolution, we have mostly added to pollution load of the environment or developed weapons of mass destruction. Technology which used to improve machine performance has focused its attention to human efficiency. We call it productivity. We pretend to exploit it as outsourcing. Green technology got no option but to bring in it and take charge of the entire state of affairs developed by the human being kind.

Green technology targets for an appropriate, equitable and sustainable environment by interlacing all known technologies and individual involvement with environmental science to conserve and upgrade the surroundings and bringing it back to the quality available some 300 years back. Green technology could be termed as a refinement in the obtainable technology in as much as, it helps in handling pollution of all kinds in such a way that these turn out to be ecological and economically friendly.

Technology that are green are rated by their carbon footprints. A competitive and successful green technology has a low set of greenhouse gas emissions from people, product, process, event or organization. There are two ways to achieve the objective. The first which may be referred to as green acts, is usually to recycle the waste, reuse through reconditioning and other alternatives, reduce resource intake and to conserve available natural resources. The second which is definitely creating a green conditions, is to evolve systems that decrease greenhouse gas emissions hence reducing carbon footprint. These measures have verified effect on global warming reduction.

The first category of green technology is to encourage and redefine the conventional ways of keeping carbon footprints at a low level. These are recycling and its extension to water and air purification, solid waste materials treatment including sewage treatment.

Recycling defines environment by conservation at its top. Used components generally thrown as waste is recycled into new products. Composting is an age old concept of recycling green waste into manure. Recycling plastic waste into new plastic material products is most prevalent today. Recycling reduces fresh raw material consumption by utilizing middling and scraps. It reduces wastage of energy that is required to convert fresh natural material into end products It reduces air pollution as waste is now recycled instead of incineration. It reduces drinking water pollution as there can be less land filling thus reducing leachate reaching water bodies.

Waste water is purified by chemical, mechanical and biological procedures to convert it all into drinking and additional usage. Air is certainly purified both in industries along with places of human habitation in closed spaces. Industrial air pollutant such as Sulfur oxides gives back Sulfuric acid, particulates such as for example fire ash is converted into cement and bricks. Solid waste era from human habitat is normally segregated into bio-degradable and non-bio-degradable waste materials. Bio-degradable waste is composted into manure and bio-fuel. Non-bio-degradable waste is further separated into metal, glass, plastic etc. The initial three are used as intermediate raw material and recycled in to the production pipeline to get useful products. Hazardous waste materials are suitably treated to non-hazardous entity and then most of these are also recycled. Sewage treatment has acquired a state of the art technology. It is usually treated to make it free from parasites, bacteria, fungi, algae and viruses. Treated solid waste can be used as manure and the treated waste water is either utilized for irrigation or additional treated to create it suit for domestic use.

Green technology that creates and sustains green condition has focused its attention primarily in renewable energy resources. Renewable energy such as solar, wind, tidal, nuclear and geothermal have been identified as having minimum greenhouse gas emission and offers tremendous potential to replace the conventional energy suppliers such as fossil fuel and petroleum. The latter are non renewable energy resources that are major pollutants and major reasons for greenhouse gas emissions.

Green products are a category in itself as it has both the properties of reducing greenhouse gases and replacing highly polluting non-renewable energy resources. Energy cells are one example. It eliminates polluting of the environment from automobiles and it replaces hydrocarbon gas. Plastic cement manufactured from waste plastic bottles is another example. This product takes less energy for its preparation than the conventional cement produced from iron slag, lime and sand. Moreover, this plastic cement has even more permeability and hence can breathe better. Rain water can filter through surfaces prepared from it and therefore enrich the water table beneath.

These days, market is getting flooded with toxic plastic material toys which are highly injurious to the sensitive and tender toddlers. These are being replaced by toys made from recycled plastic bottles. The latest advancement in this segment is definitely fabric created from used plastic bottles material. Dress material for Cricket India members are produced from this fabric.

Green technology is definitely catching fast the computer software segment too. Now there is software which shall alarm you from wastage of energy while you are in your home or at the various other side of the globe.

There has been a lame excuse floating around that shifting to green technology requires too much analysis and development and the expense of implementation is very high. It may be appropriate for some such endeavors such as technology for geothermal energy usage. Additionally it is argued that it takes lot of period to break even. Here, people fail to compare such logic with technology that are in use and afterwards revised to green technology. An instance in case is the steam engine which saw transition to diesel engine and now almost replaced by electric engines and in near future with electromagnetic induction forces and magnetic forces. A time cycle would present that invention and commissioning of coal driven steam engine got a significantly longer maturing time than electrical engine or the future versions. All such transformations are far too profit friendly. Break-even period in addition has been quite low.

You could expect wonders in the future with the advent of nano technology. Imagine a chip grafted in your brain to displace computers which are one of the major consumers of electric energy and are generating huge electronic waste. You should start dreaming of recharging your space automobile with universally available solar energy replacing high cost, highly pollutant and weighty weight, cryogenic fuel. You may have the satisfaction of travelling in determined flying objects to several light year distant area of the universe.

Green technology is certainly marching towards a future that has a future.

10 Things to Hate About the iPhone

I took delivery of my iPhone at the start of September, the beginning of a trying month personally that saw me out of the office for very long periods and only in touch with the world via my phone. It was a baptism of fire for me and the device.

You should have seen the adverts, played with it in phone shops, looked over fellow commuters’ shoulders, borrowed your friend’s … great isn’t it? Or is it?

In this article I touch on some of the things about these devices that have really irked me. Just a little or quite a lot. And to maintain the celestial karmic balance I have a companion article on a few of the things about the iPhone that I absolutely love. There’s enough material for both articles, I assure you!

So here we go, in reverse order, the 10 issues that you should hate about the iPhone!

10. Grubby fingers and the onscreen keyboard
The iPhone’s onscreen keyboard is surprisingly effective and doesn’t take long to get used to.

Just remember to clean your hands before you do so, however! This isn’t just cosmetic: For some reason I manage to leave a sticky mark under my right thumb that attract dust, biscuit crumbs, or whatever, correct over the erase crucial. Usually the crumb lands there just as I finish the 2 page email and starts to rub out the whole message character by personality! This is not an exaggeration!! It is, however, not a daily occurrence!!

9. External memory
I went the complete hog and took the 16GB iPhone immediately. I don’t regret it! I haven’t been selective with my music collection and have more or less all my ripped CDs stored on the iPhone. That’s 14GB. Which leaves precious little room for genuine data.

On other devices this is rarely a problem and non-volatile storage is usually flash memory of some description, the size of which obeys Moore’s law and doubles in size and speed every 9 months or so and halves in physical size every 2 years roughly with a new “mini” or “micro” format. I’ve yet to run out of space on a cellular phone or smartphone, despite having an address book of over 500 names.

The problem on the iPhone is that there is no external memory slot and no way (short of wielding a soldering iron) of expanding the internal memory. A shame. The iPod Touch has recently spawned a 32GB version and I imagine that the 32GB iPhone is on its way. When that happens the legacy user base will be left wondering what to do next.

8. Battery and battery life
The iPhone is sleek – barely a centimetre thick and enticingly smooth with those rounded edges. There are few buttons, no little doors to come open and break off in your pocket no memory slots to fill up with fluff and dirt.

One of the reasons for the smooth design is that the iPhone does not have an user removeable battery. The battery can be changed by something centre, and over the two years I will keep this device I expect to have to change the battery at least once, but I cannot do it myself. Also the electric battery is surprisingly small – it has to be to fit into this neat little package.

The price you pay for that is battery life. My gadget is now 6 weeks outdated and also have been fully cycled about 5 times (I tend to keep the electric battery on charge but allow it to run flat at least one time a week). If I is not really using the device constantly, just checking these devices twice an hour and answering calls, using 3G and Push, I could rely on a complete working day of 10 to 12 hours between charges. If I turn on WiFi this drops to 6 or 7 hours. If I use the GPS without WiFi, autonomy drops to 4 or 5 hours. EASILY wished to be actually frugal and last a full 24 hours, I would need to turn off both Drive email and 3G, and reduce screen brightness to a minimum.

For some people this is a major issue. For me, since I usually either have a PC on and can trail an USB cable, or spend the day driving with the iPhone hooked up as an iPod and being charged by the car, it is less of a constraint. But it remains an annoyance. I haven’t however seen an iPhone equivalent of the Dell Latitude “Slice” – a battery “back pack” for the iPhone that could more than double autonomy with minimal extra thickness, but I assume that someone, somewhere, is working on an aftermarket device.

7. Document management
There is no exact carbon copy of the Windows Mobile File Manager or Mac Finder on the iPhone so there is no way of manipulating file objects on device.

Admittedly the iPhone does a credible job of shielding you from the need to do any file level manipulation: For example the Camera has a photo album that is also accessible in other applications that need to access images (for example, the iBlogger application I use to write short articles on this site). But you may still find occasions when you need to manipulate individual file objects.

One is during installation and set up when installing root certificates for SSL so that the device can talk to an Exchange server: Unless you use Apple’s enterprise deployment tool (which locks down these devices and prevents further configuration changes, so not always desirable), the only ways to set up the device for Exchange are to set up a temporary IMAP account and download an attachment that you open up, or to setup a website with the root certificate and define the appropriate MIME types on the web server (I could not get this to work, incidentally!). How much easier it will be to download the certificate onto these devices using Windows explorer (connecting to a Personal computer vian USB exposes the devices memory as an attached storage device) and to be able to open the certificate file from memory space on the iPhone.

The other key need for this functionality is when manipulating attachments on email messages. There is absolutely no method of saving attachments, or attaching documents selectively to a fresh or forwarded message.

6. Navigating through email folders
I have a tendency to keep a whole lot of emails in my mailbox. I archive one per year, and generally towards the finish of the following year. I’m also fairly busy and work on a dozen consulting and business development projects at a time. That means two things: a lot of emails, and the necessity to organise those email messages sensibly.

I organise my emails into trees – consulting projects in separate folders and these folders organised by client, all kept individual from companies I’m invested in and from my personal stuff. Probably 40 or 50 folders.

On Windows Mobile devices I can organise this quite cleanly, with the ability to expand or collapse sections of the folder tree. The iPhone recognises the tree, but gives me no means of collapsing the hierarchy. The Inbox is always at the top: Junk email is usually always at the bottom. Moving incorrectly junked email messages means traversing the whole tree, which really is a pain even using the classy flick scroll gesture. It’s clumbsy and unnecessary.

5. Filtering offline email content
The other side of this complexity is managing how much of my “online archive” to take with me.

There is no need (and no space) to take it all with me: I am quite used to placing sensible limits on the section of the mail folder to take with me. Windows Mobile phone allows me to consider 1, 2 or 3 months worth of email with me, to say whether I take attachments with me, all the email or simply the headers. I can actually select which folders to consider or keep behind. And I don’t need to worry if I go away and find I am missing a crucial folder – I could change the parameters and the device will download what’s missing.

The iPhone is slightly less flexible. It won’t let me download accessories pre-emptively: It will just load the message header and leave the attachment behind unless and until I select the email manually. I can define how many days of emails I download from 1 day to at least one 1 month, but beyond that I cannot specify a limit. I have a filter on the number of messages within a folder that I display from 25 to 200 messages but the conversation between this setting and the time limit is not entirely clear. If you are a light consumer this is much less of an issue: For a heavier email user with a complex folder hieracrchy you have less control and may run into memory management issues as a result.

4. Message management and Exchange
The worst problem with message management on the iPhone is in fact specific to Microsoft Exchange.

I am an expert user and really like Microsoft Exchange. It isn’t simply my mail server: It’s a complete collaboration engine, with group and resource scheduling, rich address book, “to do” lists, journaling, contact histories etc. I don’t use it for fax and voice mail yet, but that’s just a question of not having made enough time to buy the interface box to the PBX and switch that feature on. So I is up there with the additional 60% of business mailbox users that are hooked on Exchange.

When the iPhone first appeared the Exchange interaction story was weak. It could perform IMAP, but that’s only a fraction of the story. No problem, that wasn’t Apple’s intended major audience either, but the enterprise users obviously wanted the iPhone, so Apple got to work.

To be fair to them, Apple have done a lot with iPhone 3G to improve the Exchange story. Most of the security protocols are there, including crucial features like remote wipe and SSL, and it supports Push. Enterprise deployment is straightforward too with a dedicated enterprise setup tool that supports remote device construction. Unfortunately Apple seem to have stopped halfway through the API and a lot of Exchange functionality is overlooked. Some of this, like losing some data richness within calendar and get in touch with items, doesn’t influence all users equally. Other elements are more essential, however.

The simplest way to describe this is how you forward electronic mails with attachments. The Exchange API permits clients to forward the message without the message content being kept locally: You can ahead the header and the server will attach the attachments and other wealthy content material before forwarding. The iPhone doesn’t understand this: First it has to download all of the message and accessories from the server to the iPhone, then it must add the forwarding address and send the entire message back again to the server. Shifting a message between folders is the same and requires the same telecommunications overhead. A nuisance for me personally, but no more than that: If you aren’t on a data bundle and pay by the MB then you need to be wary of this.

[Another side effect of the issue is certainly that server-side disclaimers and signatures get placed at the end of the forwarded message, instead of under new message text.]

3. Reading HTML and rich text messages
I love HTML emails. I know that is considered a cardinal sin in some quarters, but as someone once said, if email had been invented after http would email have been completed any other way? HTML is definitely ubiquitous, it is clean and it works.

And of course being the best mobile web device out there, the iPhone should be a fantastic HTML email reader, shouldn’t it?

Well, it very almost is. It does some things effectively. It gets the layout, it renders inline graphics, it’ll also show some background. But what if the text is really wide? It’ll wrap won’t it? No, it won’t. It’ll shrink the text to match. It’ll make the written text really, really small. And you can’t cheat by rotating these devices, making the display “wider” and the font larger, because the mail customer doesn’t support landscape presentation (why?).

Of course you can zoom in, because it’s HTML, but you need to scan the complete line, whizzing across the page to the end of the line, then whizzing again to obtain the start of next line. Oh dear!

2. Task switching
The iPhone is a lovely, clean design. And part of the cool, clean look comes from the absence of nasty short cut action control keys.

The iPhone has only three buttons on the edges of the device: the on/off button on the top, the volume up/down toggle privately and the excellent single button mute button above the quantity toggle. That’s it. The only other button on these devices is the “home” switch on the front, below the display screen.

The home button stops whatever application you are engaged on and takes you to the house page of these devices – the pretty page full of icons that start up each application on the device. Good job it’s pretty, because you discover an awful lot of it.

There is no way to jump right to your calendar, or address book, or email. Apart from the one “dual click” action (consumer configurable to either select telephone favourites or iPod controls), the only way to start a task is to go back to the home page and up again into the application you want. Find an interesting URL in an email that you want to look at in Safari? Memorise it well, or write it down, because unless the text has been created as a link you’ll have to go back to the house page, start Safari, type the URL, realise you’ve got it wrong, press the home button again, start email, open up the email, find the URL … and start again.

Or you could just choose the URL and lower and paste it in to the browser address bar … except …

1. How on earth do you trim and paste?
Once Xerox had invented the mouse, the GUI and WYSIWYG editing, it was up to Apple to take that technology and make it affordable with the Lisa and the Mac. And Microsoft to make it ubiquitous, of program.

Among the joys of using the mouse, or any pointing gadget, is that it offers you a third dimension as you move around the page. You aren’t constrained by the series or the word or the paragraph – you can jump straight to any section of the document. And you will select parts of a document by dragging over a word, a line, a paragraph, and do something with it. Like slicing it out. Or copying it. Or dragging it. It’s normal. That’s just what you do. You don’t have 3 hour seminars and training courses on using a mouse (or a stylus) to point and select, click and drag. You demonstrate it once, the student understands and does it.

But the company that helped the mouse escape from the lab and get into the shops seems to have forgotten all about it. Get out your iPhone. Write a sentence. Write another one. Oops – that second sentence would make more sense BEFORE the first one. I’ll simply cut and paste the sentence. Oh no you won’t! Because there is no slice and paste on the iPhone. Hear that? No? Well, I’ll say it again! THERE IS NO Lower AND PASTE ON THE IPHONE.

Google around a bit and you’ll find dozens of articles on the subject. You’ll find surprise, indignation, horror. You’ll even discover brave Apple gurus explaining sagely that you don’t need lower and paste since the iPhone gives you more direct ways of using information, like linking URLS, or detecting phone numbers, or, er, something.

The most likely explanation is that once Apple has decided to do away with the stylus, the only UI gesture was to use two fingers and drag that over the page to select some text. But that gesture got already been taken with the wonderful pinch zoom movement used on large files and web pages.

There is a way out, however. Some very credible proof of concept demonstrations have already been put on the internet showing how a sustained stage and drag with single finger (like the stylus selection action in Windows Portable) would be workable and not conflict with any various other screen actions on the iPhone.

Let’s hope that the concept demos function and we see cut and paste implemented in an upcoming firmware release. In the meantime, at least twice every day I bet every iPhone user will silently curse, shrug and give up writing that urgent memo because they just can’t be bothered to type everything again.

So that’s it. Please don’t get me wrong, I believe the iPhone is a wonderful, iconic and transformational device. As with the Mac pc, it has transformed our perception of just what a mobile device ought to be. Cell phones and smartphones won’t become the same once again.

It’s just that for all it’s brilliance, it remains flawed. The iPhone may be the item of a prolific and brilliant yet highly introspective group of engineers. Left free to innovate, unrestrained by any notion of actuality or practicality or what the user currently thinks he or she wants, Apple have produced a concept device. I’m grateful they possess, but I fear that it will be up to other companies, with a clearer grasp of what an individual can use, in particular what ELSE an individual is doing, to take the iPhone to the next step.

5 Stages of Technology Adoption

Schools across the globe ‘re going through a rise spurt of sorts, which is both unavoidable and painful. I’m speaking, of program, about technology integration. Maybe your course is utilizing a COW (Pc on Tires) cart once weekly or possibly every pupil in your college is suddenly keeping an iPad and administrators are throwing around the dreaded term “going paperless.” Whatever the known degree of technology integration, we all seem to be in some continuing state of transition toward new technology at any given time. The unpleasant truth, though, can be that regardless of how many professional development classes we receive or just how many equipment we receive, many adults battle to adapt to fresh technology. We strategy the new school 12 months fully aware our college students will hack the press and transform it to their personal deviant uses before we as teachers even learn to turn the device on. The perfect solution is to the nagging problem is easy. It is time to take a web page from our learners’ playbook. We have to leap over the hurdles of trepidation quickly, fear, and distrust, in order to come out forward in the technology competition.

Beat worries of New Technology

Not in contrast to the 5 Stages of Grief and Reduction, everyone (not only adults) proceed through a number of predictable reactions when met with new technology. Realizing that these stages will be the same for everybody and that it is not only you against the globe, you can begin to move through the stages quicker. You can figure out how to follow the lead of your students and turn dread into pleasure and eventually, acceptance.

Stage 1- Denial

As teachers, we work hard to hone our craft. Year to yr we make little modifications to the curriculum, our lesson plans, and our classroom administration systems to be able to maximize our efficacy. Therefore, it could feel like a genuine shock when administrators declare an sweeping and abrupt switch, like a paperless classes, and 1:1 technology integration (where each student functions on a gadget, whether it is a pc, tablet, or actually their phone). Many teachers shall experience an automated response to the news. The overall reaction is “That is never going to work!”

As it happens this is a standard reaction toward fresh technology. Children even, who appear enthusiastic and flexible about every new wave of technological development, go through an initial uncertainty. The main element to successful technology adoption is to accept that you shall feel frustrated and scared. It really is normal. Just acknowledging your fear will help you undertake this phase more quickly. The very last thing you want is certainly to allow fear dominate and for paralysis to create in. It’s Okay to state “I’m freaked out and I can’t stand this.” But don’t prevent there. Move forward from worries and try the technology.

Stage 2- Bargaining

“They are able to put this in my own classroom, however they can’t help to make me utilize it!” Probably you’ll inform yourself that you will learn the smallest amount. You’ll utilize the technology throughout a principal’s observation of your class, or you’ll use it in the 1st week of school and put it aside and get back to your regular, confirmed, routines. Bargaining isn’t actually a bad part of this situation. It can clean the pathway toward using the brand new device actually. Even technology fans will state “I’ll use this but if it generally does not function for me personally, I’m not likely to go after it.” As a trained teacher, tell yourself that you shall supply the technology a go. Unless you like it, you can utilize it as possible minimally, but you’ll at least become giving yourself permission to give it a try without a weighty feeling of risk.

Stage 3- Experimentation

This is actually the key stage to successful technology adoption. It is the figurative turning stage for your mindset as a technology user. Once you enable yourself authorization to test out the technology and also begin clicking through it (whether it’s a new gadget such as for example an iPad or a new site like it really is through experimentation that people really overcome our fears.

While experimenting with the new technology you might hit a roadblock. Your frustration may spike, your dread may once again flare up, but don’t allow that end you. Trust that you’ll not damage these devices by clicking around onto it just. You can reboot always, restart, or reload. Search for a help button, consumer guide, or YouTube tutorial video clips that will help you overcome these roadblocks even. As you experiment, keep an open up mind to check out anything helpful or interesting to you.

Stage 4- Excitement

More than not often, experimentation with a fresh tool shall business lead teachers to be excited about the application form for his or her classroom. Teachers are by their very nature innovative and innovative people. We usually look at components with an optical eyesight for differentiation and adaptation for our college students. Chances are that you will start to think about ways this brand-new tool will match your lessons when you are tinkering with it. Conversations with additional teachers are fundamental to ironing out the facts and paving just how toward actual software in your course. Study the technology online and go through teacher weblogs and evaluations to access know the merchandise better still and observe how others are putting it on effectively within their classes.

Stage 5- Acceptance

The quicker you can move yourself through the prior stages, the earlier you shall feel confident using the brand new technology. Acceptance means you will be ready to create this technology into your lesson programs, increase its usefulness, and really obtain the most out of the initiative for the advantage of your students.

Everyone techniques through the stages of technology adoption in their own price. Being aware that you’ll feel a short push-back however, you can move forward from your fears toward a productive level of acceptance and exploration quicker. As teachers, we don’t will have control over new educational reforms or system initiatives inside our school, however the one thing we can control is how exactly we respond to these noticeable changes. By moving at night fear we are able to spend our energy in even more productive ways. All the best with whatever your college has prepared for the year ahead. You are designed for it. Actually if you are “going paperless”!

Everyone undergoes 5 phases when confronted with new technology.
1. Denial
2. Bargaining
3. Experimentation
4. Excitement
5. Acceptance
By speeding through the first few levels and allowing you to ultimately be fearful and disappointed, users can become accepting of new technology quickly.